What is artificial intelligence ?
artificial intelligence （Artificial
Intelligence）, The English abbreviation is AI, It's research , Develop theories to simulate and extend human intelligence , method , A new technology science of technology and application system .
2017 Year 17％ The developers of AI Or machine learning . also 73％ People said they planned to 2018 To learn these techniques .
￭ 46％ 's developers said they would probably be in 2018 Looking for a new job .
With artificial intelligence （AI） It began to penetrate almost every industry , More and more developers are making plans to learn this technology to increase their business competitiveness .DigitalOcean According to a survey , about
83％ The developer of 2017 Not engaged in AI Or machine learning experience , But among them 73％ People said they planned to 2018 To learn these techniques .
according to ZDNet It is reported that some companies, including Microsoft, have added artificial intelligence to their products , Make it easier for developers to integrate data , This also makes developers more familiar with these technologies .
Investigation findings , stay 17％ Of AI Among developers , A lot of people use it TensorFlow Solving semantic analysis , Image recognition and natural language processing .
Developers also want to AI Some problems can be solved in the coming year ： When they were asked what they expected 2018 What are the major challenges facing the annual meeting ,63％ People think it's automated workflow ,32％
People think it's useful AI And machine learning to solve business needs .
Participating in the survey 2500 Most developers use Linux operating system （89％）, Much higher than Windows（8％）,MacOS（2％） and BSD（1％）.
In programming language selection ,PHP suffer 27％ Of the respondents , The second is Python（24％）,Java（15％） and Java（8％）.LetsEncrypt
It's the most popular SSL provider , The second is Comodo（8％） and GoDaddy（6％）.
AI Developers are one of the most needed professionals , Faced with high conditions and high salaries . Of the developers surveyed, about 46％ People said , They are likely to be there 2018
Take advantage of the popularity of the market to find a new job .
Last century 50 At an academic conference in the S , At that time, several famous scientists discussed the problem of simulating human intelligence with machines from the perspective of different disciplines , For the first time “ artificial intelligence ” Terms for . from then on , The new subject of artificial intelligence was born .
The academic conference , It's the Dartmouth conference in the history of computer science （Dartmouth Conferences）.
What are the applications of artificial intelligence ?
1. computer game
2. intelligent robot
3. Man machine game
4. Face recognition
in addition , Artificial intelligence in natural language recognition , fingerprint identification , Map navigation , Automatic driving and other directions have made great contributions , I will not describe it here .
What are the criteria for artificial intelligence ?
To answer this question , We have to introduce another famous concept first ： Turing test .
Turing test is a famous scientist Alan · Matheson · Turing in 1950 Proposed in . Its content is , If the computer program can 5 Answer a series of questions from human testers within minutes , And it exceeds 30% The test takers were mistaken for human answers , Then the program passes the test , It shows that the program has the intelligence close to human .
Give me a straight explanation ,
Participants in the Turing test include one or more judges , Two testers . One of the testers was a human , Another tester is a computer program . ladder - Zero thirty | Ninety two | Do you want to order Kang , When the judges can't see the tester directly , Some questions raised by the judges , Then make your own judgment according to the answer . To this day , Only one smart chat program in the world barely passed the Turing test , Its name is
Eugene · Gustman . thus it can be seen , Human distance realizes artificial intelligence in real sense , There is a long way to go .
artificial intelligence , machine learning , What is the relationship among deep learning ?
In short , The relationship between the three is concentric ：
The outermost layer of concentric circles is artificial intelligence , From putting forward the concept to the present , There have been many kinds of realization ideas and algorithms .
The middle layer of concentric circles is machine learning , It belongs to a subset of artificial intelligence , Many recommendation algorithms on the Internet , Correlation ranking algorithm , The foundation is machine learning .
The innermost layer of concentric circles is deep learning , Further sublimation based on machine learning , It is the core driver of the big bang of artificial intelligence .