1 conda环境下运行python程序报错

conda环境下运行python所报的错误信息如下:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "/opt/faceswap/lib/cli/launcher.py",
line 229, in execute_script process = script(arguments) File
"/opt/faceswap/scripts/extract.py", line 61, in __init__ self._extractor =
Extractor(self._args.detector, File
"/opt/faceswap/plugins/extract/pipeline.py", line 135, in __init__ self._detect
= self._load_detect(detector, rotate_images, min_size, configfile) File
"/opt/faceswap/plugins/extract/pipeline.py", line 637, in _load_detect plugin =
PluginLoader.get_detector(detector_name)(exclude_gpus=self._exclude_gpus, File
"/opt/faceswap/plugins/plugin_loader.py", line 55, in get_detector return
PluginLoader._import("extract.detect", name, disable_logging) File
"/opt/faceswap/plugins/plugin_loader.py", line 197, in _import module =
import_module(mod) File
"/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/python3.9/importlib/__init__.py", line 127,
in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level)
File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 1030, in _gcd_import File "<frozen
importlib._bootstrap>", line 1007, in _find_and_load File "<frozen
importlib._bootstrap>", line 986, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen
importlib._bootstrap>", line 680, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen
importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 850, in exec_module File "<frozen
importlib._bootstrap>", line 228, in _call_with_frames_removed File
"/opt/faceswap/plugins/extract/detect/s3fd.py", line 11, in <module> from
scipy.special import logsumexp File
"/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/python3.9/site-packages/scipy/special/__init__.py",
line 663, in <module> from . import _ufuncs File "_ufuncs.pyx", line 1, in init
scipy.special._ufuncs ImportError: /lib64/libstdc++.so.6: version
`GLIBCXX_3.4.20' not found (required by
/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/python3.9/site-packages/scipy/special/_ufuncs_cxx.cpython-39-x86_64-linux-gnu.so)
06/29/2023 15:07:40 CRITICAL An unexpected crash has occurred. Crash report
written to '/opt/faceswap/crash_report.2023.06.29.150738070494.log'. You MUST
provide this file if seeking assistance. Please verify you are running the
latest version of faceswap before reporting
2 问题分析

从错误中分析可知,报错发生在/lib64/libstdc++.so.6,是GLIBCXX_3.4.20找不到所致。

2.1 命令行查看GLIBCXX的版本信息

命令查看显示如下:
[root@localhost faceswap]# strings /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 |grep GLIBCXX*
GLIBCXX_3.4 GLIBCXX_3.4.1 GLIBCXX_3.4.2 GLIBCXX_3.4.3 GLIBCXX_3.4.4
GLIBCXX_3.4.5 GLIBCXX_3.4.6 GLIBCXX_3.4.7 GLIBCXX_3.4.8 GLIBCXX_3.4.9
GLIBCXX_3.4.10 GLIBCXX_3.4.11 GLIBCXX_3.4.12 GLIBCXX_3.4.13 GLIBCXX_3.4.14
GLIBCXX_3.4.15 GLIBCXX_3.4.16 GLIBCXX_3.4.17 GLIBCXX_3.4.18 GLIBCXX_3.4.19
GLIBCXX_DEBUG_MESSAGE_LENGTH
本地确实没有GLIBCXX_3.4.20

2.2 查看软连接
[root@localhost faceswap]ls -l /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so* lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root
root 19 5月 6 14:48 /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 -> libstdc++.so.6.0.19 -rwxr-xr-x.
1 root root 995840 9月 30 2020 /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.19
连接到linux系统的libstdc++.so.6.0.19

2.3 查看本地所有的“libstdc++.so.6”
[root@localhost faceswap]# find / -name libstdc++.so.6*
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-9.1.0-hdf63c60_0/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-9.1.0-hdf63c60_0/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.26
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-9.1.0-hdf63c60_0/x86_64-conda_cos6-linux-gnu/sysroot/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-9.1.0-hdf63c60_0/x86_64-conda_cos6-linux-gnu/sysroot/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.26
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-11.2.0-h1234567_1/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-11.2.0-h1234567_1/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-12.2.0-h46fd767_19/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-12.2.0-h46fd767_19/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.30
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/gcc_impl_linux-64-12.1.0-hea43390_17/x86_64-conda-linux-gnu/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/gcc_impl_linux-64-12.1.0-hea43390_17/x86_64-conda-linux-gnu/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.30
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-13.1.0-hfd8a6a1_0/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.31
/root/anaconda3/pkgs/libstdcxx-ng-13.1.0-hfd8a6a1_0/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/lib/libstdc++.so.6 /root/anaconda3/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.26
/root/anaconda3/x86_64-conda_cos6-linux-gnu/sysroot/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/x86_64-conda_cos6-linux-gnu/sysroot/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.26
/root/anaconda3/envs/test/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/test/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/envs/vits/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/vits/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/envs/voice/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/voice/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/envs/wav2lip/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/wav2lip/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/envs/whisper/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/whisper/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.29
/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/x86_64-conda-linux-gnu/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/x86_64-conda-linux-gnu/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.30
/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.31 /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.19
/usr/share/gdb/auto-load/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.19-gdb.py
/usr/share/gdb/auto-load/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.19-gdb.pyc
/usr/share/gdb/auto-load/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.19-gdb.pyo
/usr/local/cuda-11.3/nsight-systems-2021.1.3/target-linux-armv8/host-linux-armv8/libstdc++.so.6
/usr/local/cuda-11.3/nsight-systems-2021.1.3/host-linux-x64/libstdc++.so.6

3 解决方案

拷贝高版本的libstdc++.so到/usr/lib64目录下,并重新建立软连接
cp /root/anaconda3/envs/faceswap/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.31 /usr/lib64/ ln -sf
/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6.0.31 /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
通过命令行查看
(faceswap) [root@localhost faceswap]# strings /usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6 |grep
GLIBCXX* GLIBCXX_3.4 GLIBCXX_3.4.1 GLIBCXX_3.4.2 GLIBCXX_3.4.3 GLIBCXX_3.4.4
GLIBCXX_3.4.5 GLIBCXX_3.4.6 GLIBCXX_3.4.7 GLIBCXX_3.4.8 GLIBCXX_3.4.9
GLIBCXX_3.4.10 GLIBCXX_3.4.11 GLIBCXX_3.4.12 GLIBCXX_3.4.13 GLIBCXX_3.4.14
GLIBCXX_3.4.15 GLIBCXX_3.4.16 GLIBCXX_3.4.17 GLIBCXX_3.4.18 GLIBCXX_3.4.19
GLIBCXX_3.4.20 GLIBCXX_3.4.21 GLIBCXX_3.4.22 GLIBCXX_3.4.23 GLIBCXX_3.4.24
GLIBCXX_3.4.25 GLIBCXX_3.4.26 GLIBCXX_3.4.27 GLIBCXX_3.4.28 GLIBCXX_3.4.29
GLIBCXX_3.4.30 GLIBCXX_3.4.31
问题已经解决!

补充:

如果本地找不到GLIBCXX,升级gcc版本到10后再次查找,升级命令如下
安装centos-release-scl yum install centos-release-scl -y 安装devtoolset yum
install devtoolset-10-gcc* -y 激活 scl enable devtoolset-10 bash 添加到环境变量 echo
"source /opt/rh/devtoolset-10/enable" >> ~/.bash_profile source
/opt/rh/devtoolset-10/enable 查看当前gcc版本 gcc -v

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