使用python可以对windows系统的音量进行读取或者设置。

平台:visual studio code
语言:python
需要的python模块:
1、pyqt5
2、ctypes:

ctypes 是 Python 的外部函数库。它提供了与 C 兼容的数据类型,并允许调用 DLL 或共享库中的函数。可使用该模块以纯
Python 形式对这些库进行封装。

这里是引用

3、comtypes:

comtypes是一个基于ctypes-ffi外部函数库的纯Python COM包

这里是引用

4、pycaw

Python核心音频WindowsAPI库

UI界面:

代码:

1、初始化音量接口
def init_vol(self): """初始化音量对应""" # 音量对应关系 # 0% --- -65.25 # 55% --- -8.92 #
100% --- 0.0 self.volume_match={0: -65.25, 1: -56.99, 2: -51.67, 3: -47.74, 4: -
44.62, 5: -42.03, 6: -39.81, 7: -37.89, 8: -36.17, 9: -34.63, 10: -33.24, 11: -
31.96, 12: -30.78, 13: -29.68, 14: -28.66, 15: -27.7, 16: -26.8, 17: -25.95, 18:
-25.15, 19: -24.38, 20: -23.65, 21: -22.96, 22: -22.3, 23: -21.66, 24: -21.05,
25: -20.46, 26: -19.9, 27: -19.35, 28: -18.82, 29: -18.32, 30: -17.82, 31: -
17.35, 32: -16.88, 33: -16.44, 34: -16.0, 35: -15.58, 36: -15.16, 37: -14.76, 38
: -14.37, 39: -13.99, 40: -13.62, 41: -13.26, 42: -12.9, 43: -12.56, 44: -12.22,
45: -11.89, 46: -11.56, 47: -11.24, 48: -10.93, 49: -10.63, 50: -10.33, 51: -
10.04, 52: -9.75, 53: -9.47, 54: -9.19, 55: -8.92, 56: -8.65, 57: -8.39, 58: -
8.13, 59: -7.88, 60: -7.63, 61: -7.38, 62: -7.14, 63: -6.9, 64: -6.67, 65: -6.44
, 66: -6.21, 67: -5.99, 68: -5.76, 69: -5.55, 70: -5.33, 71: -5.12, 72: -4.91,
73: -4.71, 74: -4.5, 75: -4.3, 76: -4.11, 77: -3.91, 78: -3.72, 79: -3.53, 80: -
3.34, 81: -3.15, 82: -2.97, 83: -2.79, 84: -2.61, 85: -2.43, 86: -2.26, 87: -
2.09, 88: -1.91, 89: -1.75, 90: -1.58, 91: -1.41, 92: -1.25, 93: -1.09, 94: -
0.93, 95: -0.77, 96: -0.61, 97: -0.46, 98: -0.3, 99: -0.15, 100: 0.0} #音量值反对应
self.volume_match_2={-65.25:0, -56.99:1, -51.67:2, -47.74:3, -44.62:4, -42.03:5,
-39.81:6,-37.89:7, -36.17:8, -34.63:9, -33.24:10, -31.96:11, -30.78:12, -29.68:
13, -28.66:14, -27.7:15, -26.8:16, -25.95:17, -25.15:18, -24.38:19, -23.65:20, -
22.96:21, -22.3:22, -21.66:23, -21.05:24, -20.46:25, -19.9:26, -19.35:27, -18.82
:28, -18.32:29, -17.82:30, -17.35:31, -16.88:32, -16.44:33, -16.0:34, -15.58:35,
-15.16:36, -14.76:37, -14.37:38, -13.99:39, -13.62:40, -13.26:41, -12.9:42, -
12.56:43, -12.22:44,-11.89:45, -11.56:46, -11.24:47, -10.93:48, -10.63:49, -
10.33:50, -10.04:51, -9.75:52, -9.47:53, -9.19:54, -8.92:55, -8.65:56, -8.39:57,
-8.13:58, -7.88:59, -7.63:60, -7.38:61, -7.14:62, -6.9:63, -6.67:64, -6.44:65, -
6.21:66, -5.99:67, -5.76:68, -5.55:69, -5.33:70, -5.12:71,-4.91:72, -4.71:73, -
4.5:74, -4.3:75, -4.11:76, -3.91:77, -3.72:78, -3.53:79, -3.34:80, -3.15:81, -
2.97:82, -2.79:83, -2.61:84, -2.43:85, -2.26:86, -2.09:87, -1.91:88, -1.75:89, -
1.58:90, -1.41:91, -1.25:92, -1.09:93, -0.93:94, -0.77:95, -0.61:96, -0.46:97, -
0.3:98, -0.15:99, 0.0:100} self.devices11=AudioUtilities.GetSpeakers() self.
interface=self.devices11.Activate(IAudioEndpointVolume._iid_,CLSCTX_ALL,None)
self.volum11=cast(self.interface,POINTER(IAudioEndpointVolume)) self.mute=self.
volum11.GetMute()

电脑的音量虽然显示是一个整数,但实际的音量值是一个浮点数,就是上面代码里所列出的,从0到100的对应值。利用pycaw获取音频接口,然后激活,并将获取的输出转为C语言下的指针。

2、获取音量
vm=self.volum11.GetMasterVolumeLevel() #print(vm) vm2=round(vm,2) #print(vm2)
vm3=self.volume_match_2[vm2] #print(vm3) #v1=self.volum11.GetVolumeRange()
#print(v1) #return vm3 self.lbl1.setText(str(vm3))

获取音量,使用GetMasterVolumeLevel函数即可,这个函数获取的是一个浮点数,将浮点数作一下四舍五入的处理,小数点保留两位(与音量值数组对应),然后去数组里匹配,将对应的音量(整数)输出显示即可。

3、设置系统音量:
v11=int(v1) self.sys_volume_value=self.volume_match[v11]
#print(self.sys_volume_value) self.volum11.SetMasterVolumeLevel(self.
sys_volume_value,None)

设置音量与获取音量正好是相反的过程,在UI界面上设置一个音量值(整数),将其代入第二个数组,来匹配真实音量值(浮点),然后将对应的音量值利用函数SetMasterVolumeLevel输入给电脑音频接口即可。

4、演示:

Python获取windows音量小工具

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