import sys
import math
import time
import random
import pygame
from pygame.locals import *
from Scene import Scene
from Obstacle import Plant, Ptera
from Dinosaur import Dinosaur

# 定义背景填充色，画布宽和高
BACKGROUND = (250, 250, 250)
WIDTH = 800
HEIGHT = 400

#定义游戏结束界面是的样式，即对两张图片的位置显示
def show_gameover(screen):
screen.fill(BACKGROUND)
gameover_img =
gameover_rect = gameover_img.get_rect()
gameover_rect.left, gameover_rect.top = WIDTH//3, int(HEIGHT/2.4)
screen.blit(gameover_img, gameover_rect)
restart_img =
restart_rect = restart_img.get_rect()
restart_rect.left, restart_rect.top = int(WIDTH/2.25), int(HEIGHT/2)
screen.blit(restart_img, restart_rect)
pygame.display.update()
# 鼠标精准点击重新开始图标以执行重新开始游戏功能
while True:
for event in pygame.event.get():
if event.type == QUIT:
sys.exit()
pygame.quit()
if event.type == pygame.MOUSEBUTTONDOWN:
mouse_pos = pygame.mouse.get_pos()
if mouse_pos[0] < restart_rect.right and mouse_pos[0] >
restart_rect.left and\
mouse_pos[1] < restart_rect.bottom and mouse_pos[1] >
restart_rect.top:
return True

#将Score转为生成障碍物的概率，e的-score次幂
def sigmoid(score):
probability = 1 / (1 + math.exp(-score))
return min(probability, 0.6)

#主函数
def main():
# 初始化
pygame.init()
screen = pygame.display.set_mode((WIDTH, HEIGHT))
pygame.display.set_caption("dragon running")
clock = pygame.time.Clock()
# 得分
score = 0
# 加载一些素材
jump_sound = pygame.mixer.Sound("./music/jump.wav")
jump_sound.set_volume(6)
die_sound = pygame.mixer.Sound("./music/die.wav")
die_sound.set_volume(6)
pygame.mixer.init()
pygame.mixer.music.set_volume(0.6)
pygame.mixer.music.play(-1)
font = pygame.font.Font('./font/font1.ttf', 20)
# 实例化
dinosaur = Dinosaur(WIDTH, HEIGHT)
scene = Scene(WIDTH, HEIGHT)
plants = pygame.sprite.Group()
pteras = pygame.sprite.Group()
# 产生障碍物事件
# 设置的定时器常量第一个用pygame.USEREVENT第二个用pygame.USEREVENT＋1
GenPlantEvent = pygame.constants.USEREVENT + 0
pygame.time.set_timer(GenPlantEvent, 1500)
GenPteraEvent = pygame.constants.USEREVENT + 1
pygame.time.set_timer(GenPteraEvent, 5000)
# 游戏是否结束了
running = True
# 是否可以产生障碍物flag
flag_plant = False
flag_ptera = False
t0 = time.time()
# 主循环
while running:
for event in pygame.event.get():
if event.type == QUIT:
sys.exit()
pygame.quit()
if event.type == GenPlantEvent:
flag_plant = True
if event.type == GenPteraEvent:
if score > 10:
flag_ptera = True
key_pressed = pygame.key.get_pressed()
if key_pressed[pygame.K_SPACE]:
dinosaur.is_jumping = True
jump_sound.play()
screen.fill(BACKGROUND)
time_passed = time.time() - t0
t0 = time.time()
# 场景
scene.move()
scene.draw(screen)
# 小恐龙
dinosaur.is_running = True
if dinosaur.is_jumping:
dinosaur.be_afraid()
dinosaur.jump(time_passed)
dinosaur.draw(screen)
# 障碍物-植物
if random.random() < sigmoid(score) and flag_plant:
plant = Plant(WIDTH, HEIGHT)
flag_plant = False
for plant in plants:
plant.move()
if dinosaur.rect.left > plant.rect.right and not
score += 1
if plant.rect.right < 0:
plants.remove(plant)
continue
plant.draw(screen)
# 障碍物-飞龙
if random.random() < sigmoid(score) and flag_ptera:
if len(pteras) > 1:
continue
ptera = Ptera(WIDTH, HEIGHT)
flag_ptera = False
for ptera in pteras:
ptera.move()
if dinosaur.rect.left > ptera.rect.right and not
score += 5
if ptera.rect.right < 0:
pteras.remove(ptera)
continue
ptera.draw(screen)
# 碰撞检测
if pygame.sprite.spritecollide(dinosaur, plants, False) or
pygame.sprite.spritecollide(dinosaur, pteras, False):
die_sound.play()
running = False
# 显示得分
score_text = font.render("熊百涛的Score: "+str(score), 1, (0, 0, 0))
screen.blit(score_text, [10, 10])
pygame.display.flip()
clock.tick(60)
res = show_gameover(screen)
return res

#run
if __name__ == '__main__':
res = True
while res:
res = main()

import pygame '''恐龙类''' class Dinosaur(pygame.sprite.Sprite): def
__init__(self, WIDTH=640, HEIGHT=500): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self)
self.HEIGHT = HEIGHT self.WIDTH = WIDTH # self.imgs =
['./images/dinosaur/wait.png', './images/dinosaur/afraid.png',
'./images/dinosaur/running.png', './images/dinosaur/flying.png'] self.imgs =
['./images/dinosaur/dino.png', './images/dinosaur/dino_ducking.png']
self.reset() '''跳跃''' def jump(self, time_passed): # time_passed很小时，可近似为匀速运动 if
self.is_jumping_up: self.rect.top -= self.jump_v * time_passed self.jump_v =
max(0, self.jump_v - self.jump_a_up * time_passed) if self.jump_v == 0:
self.is_jumping_up = False else: self.rect.top = min(self.initial_top,
self.rect.top + self.jump_v * time_passed) self.jump_v += self.jump_a_down *
time_passed if self.rect.top == self.initial_top: self.is_jumping = False
self.is_jumping_up = True self.jump_v = self.jump_v0 '''跳跃时变为感到恐惧的表情''' def
be_afraid(self): self.dinosaur = self.dinosaurs.subsurface((352, 0), (88, 95))
'''把自己画到屏幕上去''' def draw(self, screen): if self.is_running and not
self.is_jumping: self.running_count += 1 if self.running_count == 6:
self.running_count = 0 self.running_flag = not self.running_flag if
self.running_flag: self.dinosaur = self.dinosaurs.subsurface((176, 0), (88,
95)) else: self.dinosaur = self.dinosaurs.subsurface((264, 0), (88, 95))
screen.blit(self.dinosaur, self.rect) '''重置''' def reset(self): # 恐龙是否在奔跑
self.is_running = False # 为了奔跑特效 self.running_flag = False self.running_count =
0 # 恐龙是否在跳跃 self.is_jumping = False # 恐龙是否在向上跳跃 self.is_jumping_up = True #

self.jump_a_up = 1000 self.jump_a_down = 800 # 小恐龙初始位置 self.initial_left = 40
self.initial_top = int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) self.dinosaurs =
self.dinosaurs.subsurface((0, 0), (88, 95)) self.rect =
self.dinosaur.get_rect() self.rect.left, self.rect.top = self.initial_left,
self.initial_top

import pygame import random '''场景类''' class Scene(pygame.sprite.Sprite): def
__init__(self, WIDTH=640, HEIGHT=500): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self)
self.WIDTH = WIDTH self.HEIGHT = HEIGHT self.speed = 5 self.imgs =
['./images/bg/bg1.png', './images/bg/bg2.png', './images/bg/bg3.png']
self.reset() '''不停向左移动''' def move(self): self.x = self.x - self.speed
'''把自己画到屏幕上去''' def draw(self, screen): if self.bg1_rect.right < 0: self.x = 0
self.bg1 = self.bg2 self.bg1_rect = self.bg2_rect self.bg2 = self.bg3
self.bg2_rect = self.bg3_rect self.bg3 =
self.bg3_rect = self.bg3.get_rect() self.bg1_rect.left, self.bg1_rect.top =
self.x, int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) self.bg2_rect.left, self.bg2_rect.top =
self.bg1_rect.right, int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) self.bg3_rect.left, self.bg3_rect.top
= self.bg2_rect.right, int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) screen.blit(self.bg1,
self.bg1_rect) screen.blit(self.bg2, self.bg2_rect) screen.blit(self.bg3,
self.bg3_rect) '''重置''' def reset(self): self.x = 0 self.bg1 =
self.bg1.get_rect() self.bg2_rect = self.bg2.get_rect() self.bg3_rect =
self.bg3.get_rect() self.bg1_rect.left, self.bg1_rect.top = self.x,
int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) self.bg2_rect.left, self.bg2_rect.top =
self.bg1_rect.right, int(self.HEIGHT/2.3) self.bg3_rect.left, self.bg3_rect.top
= self.bg2_rect.right, int(self.HEIGHT/2.3)

import random import pygame '''植物''' class Plant(pygame.sprite.Sprite): def
__init__(self, WIDTH=640, HEIGHT=500): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self)
self.WIDTH = WIDTH self.HEIGHT = HEIGHT # 统计分数时用的 self.added_score = False
self.speed = 5 # self.imgs = ['./images/obstacles/plant1.png',
'./images/obstacles/plant2.png', './images/obstacles/plant3.png',
'./images/obstacles/plant4.png'] self.imgs =
['./images/obstacles/plant_big.png', './images/obstacles/plant_small.png']
self.generate_random() '''随机生成障碍物''' def generate_random(self): idx =
if idx == 0: self.plant = temp.subsurface((101*random.randint(0, 2), 0), (101,
101)) else: self.plant = temp.subsurface((68*random.randint(0, 2), 0), (68,
70)) self.rect = self.plant.get_rect() self.rect.left, self.rect.top =
self.WIDTH+60, int(self.HEIGHT/2) '''不停往左移动''' def move(self): self.rect.left =
self.rect.left-self.speed '''把自己画到屏幕上去''' def draw(self, screen):
screen.blit(self.plant, self.rect) '''飞龙''' class Ptera(pygame.sprite.Sprite):
def __init__(self, WIDTH=640, HEIGHT=500): pygame.sprite.Sprite.__init__(self)
self.WIDTH = WIDTH self.HEIGHT = HEIGHT # 统计分数时用的 self.added_score = False
self.imgs = ['./images/obstacles/ptera.png'] # 为了飞行特效 self.flying_count = 0
self.flying_flag = True # 统计分数时用的 self.speed = 7 self.generate() '''生成飞龙''' def
self.ptera_0 = self.ptera.subsurface((0, 0), (92, 81)) self.ptera_1 =
self.ptera.subsurface((92, 0), (92, 81)) self.rect = self.ptera_0.get_rect()
self.rect.left, self.rect.top = self.WIDTH+30, int(self.HEIGHT/20) '''不停往左移动'''
def move(self): self.rect.left = self.rect.left-self.speed '''把自己画到屏幕上去''' def
draw(self, screen): self.flying_count += 1 if self.flying_count % 6 == 0:
self.flying_flag = not self.flying_flag if self.flying_flag:
screen.blit(self.ptera_0, self.rect) else: screen.blit(self.ptera_1, self.rect)

GitHub

Gitee