技术选型

平台:Windows开发工具:Intelij IDEA

JDK环境:Java 8

UI界面:基于Swing的桌面编程技术。

绘图技术:Graphics

集合框架

IO流

多线程等

地图配置

地图map.txt文件
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,1,0,0,2,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,3 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
 

读取地图
package cn.tx.util; import org.junit.Test; import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.InputStreamReader; import
java.util.ArrayList; import java.util.List; /** * 地图配置类 * @author 任亮 * @company
拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public class GameMap { //数据容器 public List<String> list
= new ArrayList<>(); // 二维数组元素又是一个一维数组:行列矩阵 public int[][] map = null; //
单元测试:验证Map类的readMap()方法确实把地图配置文件map.txt // 加载成了二维数组 @Test public void
testResult() throws Exception { int[][] result = readMap(); //
二维数组的内容输出,看一下是否是地图的配置信息 for(int i = 0 ; i < result.length ; i++ ){ for(int j =
0 ; j < result[i].length ; j++) { System.out.print(result[i][j]+" "); }
System.out.println(); } } public int[][] readMap() throws Exception { //
构造文件输入流 FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream("map.txt"); InputStreamReader
isr = new InputStreamReader(fis); BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(isr);
//直接读取一行数据 String value = br.readLine(); while (value != null) {
//将读取到的一行数据加入到容器中 list.add(value); value = br.readLine(); } br.close();
//得到多少行多少列 int row = list.size(); int cloum = 0; for (int i = 0; i < 1; i++) {
String str = list.get(i); String[] values = str.split(","); cloum =
values.length; } map = new int[row][cloum]; //将读到的字符创转换成整数,并赋值给二位数组map for (int
i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) { String str = list.get(i); String[] values =
str.split(","); for (int j = 0; j < values.length; j++) { map[i][j] =
Integer.parseInt(values[j]); } } return map; } }
定义角色

超级玛丽中的角色包括了,水管,怪物,砖头等。并显示到主界面。

障碍物抽象父类Enemy
package cn.tx.role; import java.awt.Image; /** 敌人抽象类 * @author 任亮 * @company
拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public abstract class Enemy { //坐标位置 public int x,y;
//宽高 public int width,height; //图片 public Image img; public Enemy(int x, int y,
int width, int height, Image img) { this.x = x; this.y = y; this.width = width;
this.height = height; this.img=img; } }
水管类
package cn.tx.role; import java.awt.Image; /** * 水管类 * @author 任亮 * @company
拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public class Pipe extends Enemy { public Pipe(int x,
int y, int width, int height, Image img) { super(x, y, width, height, img); } }
砖头类
package cn.tx.role; import java.awt.Image; /** * 砖 * * @author 任亮 * @company
拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public class Brick extends Enemy { public Brick(int x,
int y, int width, int height, Image img) { super(x, y, width, height, img); } }
金币类
package cn.tx.role; import java.awt.Image; /** 金币类 * @author 任亮 * @company
拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public class Coin extends Enemy { public Coin(int x,
int y, int width, int height, Image img) { super(x, y, width, height, img); } }
子弹类
package cn.tx.role; /** 子弹类 * @author 任亮 * @company 拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */
public class Boom { //子弹的坐标,大小,速度 public int x,y; public int width; public int
speed=1; public Boom(int x, int y, int width) { super(); this.x = x; this.y =
y; this.width = width; } }
马里奥类
package cn.tx.mario; import java.awt.Image; import java.awt.Rectangle; import
javax.swing.ImageIcon; import cn.tx.ui.GameFrame; import cn.tx.role.Enemy; /**
* 玛丽 * * @author 任亮 * @company 拓薪教育 * @QQ:206229531 */ public class Mario
extends Thread { //窗体对象 public GameFrame gf; //是否跳起 public boolean jumpFlag =
true; //马里奥的坐标,原点为左上角,所以y周越小玛丽越高 public int x = 50, y = 358; //马里奥的速度 public
int xspeed = 5, yspeed = 1; //马里奥的宽高 public int width = 30, height = 32;
//马里奥的图片 public Image img = new ImageIcon("image/mari1.png").getImage();
//键盘上的上下左右是否被按下 public boolean left = false, right = false, down = false, up =
false; public String Dir_Up = "Up", Dir_Left = "Left", Dir_Right = "Right",
Dir_Down = "Down"; public Mario(GameFrame gf) { this.gf = gf; this.Gravity(); }
// 玛丽飞翔的逻辑 ;移动的逻辑都在这里。 public void run() { while (true) { //向左走 if (left) {
//碰撞到了 if (hit(Dir_Left)) { this.xspeed = 0; } //没有撞击到障碍物 if (this.x >= 0) {
//马里奥的位置的更新 this.x -= this.xspeed; //改变马里奥的图片 this.img = new
ImageIcon("image/mari_left.gif").getImage(); } this.xspeed = 5; } //向右走 if
(right) { // 右边碰撞物检测应该是往右走的时候检测 // 进行碰撞检测:至少主角(玛丽,碰撞物) if (hit(Dir_Right)) {
this.xspeed = 0; } //任人物向右移动 if (this.x < 400) { this.x += this.xspeed;
this.img = new ImageIcon("image/mari_right.gif").getImage(); }
//玛丽奥x轴的坐标大于400的时候发生什么 if (this.x >= 400) { //背景向左移动 gf.bg.x -= this.xspeed;
//障碍物项左移动 for (int i = 0; i < gf.eneryList.size(); i++) { Enemy enery =
gf.eneryList.get(i); enery.x -= this.xspeed; } //图标的变化 this.img = new
ImageIcon("image/mari_right.gif").getImage(); } this.xspeed = 5; } //向上跳 if
(up) { if (jumpFlag && !isGravity) { jumpFlag = false; new Thread() { public
void run() { jump(); jumpFlag = true; } }.start(); } } try { this.sleep(20); }
catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } } //向上跳的函数 public
void jump() { //定义高度值 int jumpHeigh = 0; for (int i = 0; i < 150; i++) {
//玛丽的y轴位置减去玛丽的y轴速度 gf.mario.y -= this.yspeed; //玛丽的高度递增 jumpHeigh++;
//如果撞到障碍物跳出 if (hit(Dir_Up)) { break; } try { Thread.sleep(5); } catch
(InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } //玛丽跳起来后下落 for (int i = 0;
i < jumpHeigh; i++) { //玛丽的y轴高度加上y轴速度 gf.mario.y += this.yspeed; //如果撞到下面障碍则停止
if (hit(Dir_Down)) { this.yspeed = 0; } try { Thread.sleep(5); } catch
(InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } this.yspeed = 1;//还原速度 }
//检测碰撞 public boolean hit(String dir) { // Swing技术中,人家已经提供了!! Rectangle myrect
= new Rectangle(this.x, this.y, this.width, this.height); Rectangle rect =
null; for (int i = 0; i < gf.eneryList.size(); i++) { Enemy enery =
gf.eneryList.get(i); if (dir.equals("Left")) { rect = new Rectangle(enery.x +
2, enery.y, enery.width, enery.height); } else if (dir.equals("Right")) { //
右侧碰撞物检测。 rect = new Rectangle(enery.x - 2, enery.y, enery.width, enery.height);
} else if (dir.equals("Up")) { rect = new Rectangle(enery.x, enery.y + 1,
enery.width, enery.height); } else if (dir.equals("Down")) { rect = new
Rectangle(enery.x, enery.y - 2, enery.width, enery.height); } //碰撞检测 if
(myrect.intersects(rect)) { return true; } } return false; } //检查是否贴地 public
boolean isGravity = false; // 重力线程! public void Gravity() { new Thread() {
public void run() { while (true) { try { sleep(10); } catch
(InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } while (true) { //如果没有跳起退出 if
(!jumpFlag) { break; } //如果撞到下面障碍跳出 if (hit(Dir_Down)) { break; } //大于385 在地面之下
if (y >= 358) { isGravity = false; } else { //在地面上 isGravity = true;
//y是马里奥的纵向的位置 y += yspeed; } try { sleep(10); } catch (InterruptedException e)
{ e.printStackTrace(); } } } } }.start(); } }
窗体
package cn.tx.ui; import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.Graphics; import
java.awt.image.BufferedImage; import java.util.ArrayList; import
javax.swing.ImageIcon; import javax.swing.JFrame; import cn.tx.mario.Mario;
import cn.tx.role.*; import cn.tx.util.GameMap; import cn.tx.util.MusicUtil;
/** 主体窗口界面:展示角色。 */ public class GameFrame extends JFrame{ // 超级玛丽:界面需要一个超级玛丽的。
public Mario mario; // 分别定义:水管,金币和砖块 public Enemy pipe ,coin , brick; //背景图片
public BackgroundImage bg ; //定义一个集合容器装敌人对象 public ArrayList<Enemy> eneryList =
new ArrayList<Enemy>(); //定义一个集合容器装子弹 public ArrayList<Boom> boomList = new
ArrayList<Boom>(); //子弹的速度 public int bspeed=0; //地图数据,制定规则,是1画砖头,是2画金币,是3画水管
public int[][] map = null; //对象代码块: 当前类的创建的时候执行 { // 实例代码块中初始化地图资源的数据 GameMap
mp = new GameMap(); map = mp.readMap(); } //构造函数里面初始化背景图片和马里奥对象 public
GameFrame() throws Exception { // 创建背景图片 bg = new BackgroundImage();
//初始化窗体相关属性信息数据 // this代表了当前主界面对象。 this.setSize(800,450);
this.setTitle("超级玛丽"); this.setResizable(true); // 居中展示窗口
this.setLocationRelativeTo(null); this.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
this.setVisible(true); // 创建玛丽对象 mario = new Mario(this); // 读取地图,并配置地图 for
(int i = 0; i < map.length; i++) { for (int j = 0; j < map[0].length; j++) {
//读取到的是1,画砖头 if(map[i][j]==1){ // x brick = new Brick(j*30,i*30,30,30,new
ImageIcon("image/brick.png").getImage()); eneryList.add(brick); } //读到2画金币
if(map[i][j]==2){ coin = new Coin(j*30,i*30,30,30,new
ImageIcon("image/coin_brick.png").getImage()); eneryList.add(coin); } //读到3画水管
if(map[i][j]==3){ pipe = new Pipe(j*30,i*30,60,120,new
ImageIcon("image/pipe.png").getImage()); eneryList.add(pipe); } } }
mario.start(); //开启一个线程负责界面的窗体重绘线程 new Thread(){ public void run(){
while(true){ //重绘窗体 repaint(); // 自动触发当前窗口中的paint方法 //检查子弹是否出界 //checkBoom();
try { Thread.sleep(10); } catch (InterruptedException e) { e.printStackTrace();
} } } }.start(); //设置背景音乐 new Thread(new Runnable() { @Override public void
run() { MusicUtil.playBackground(); } }).start(); } /** * 画窗体 * @param g */
@Override public void paint(Graphics g) { //利用双缓冲画背景图片和马里奥 BufferedImage bi
=(BufferedImage)this.createImage(this.getSize().width,this.getSize().height);
//创建画图对象 Graphics big = bi.getGraphics(); //画背景 big.drawImage(bg.img, bg.x,
bg.y, null); // 开始绘制界面上的敌人。 for (int i = 0; i < eneryList.size(); i++) { Enemy
e = eneryList.get(i); //绘制敌人 big.drawImage(e.img, e.x, e.y, e.width,
e.height,null); } //画子弹 for (int i = 0; i < boomList.size(); i++) { Boom b
=boomList.get(i); Color c =big.getColor(); big.setColor(Color.red);
big.fillOval(b.x+=b.speed, b.y, b.width, b.width); big.setColor(c); } //画人物
玛丽自己 big.drawImage(mario.img, mario.x, mario.y, mario.width,
mario.height,null); g.drawImage(bi,0,0,null); }
//检查子弹是否出界,出界则从容器中移除,不移除的话,内存会泄漏 public void checkBoom(){ for (int i = 0; i <
boomList.size(); i++) { Boom b = boomList.get(i); if(b.x<0 || b.x>800){
boomList.remove(i); } } } }
 键盘事件监听
package cn.tx.util; import cn.tx.role.Boom; import cn.tx.ui.GameFrame; import
java.awt.event.KeyAdapter; import java.awt.event.KeyEvent; import
javax.swing.ImageIcon; //键盘按下监听类 public class KeyListener extends KeyAdapter {
// 接收到了当前主界面:游戏界面 public GameFrame gf; public KeyListener(GameFrame gf) {
this.gf = gf; } //键盘监听 @Override public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
//code是按下键盘的键对应的值 int code = e.getKeyCode(); switch (code) { //向右走 case 39:
gf.mario.right = true; // 信号位 break; //向左走 case 37: gf.mario.left = true;
break; case 66: addBoom(); break; //向上跳 case 38: gf.mario.up = true; break; } }
//添加子弹 public void addBoom() { Boom b = new Boom(gf.mario.x, gf.mario.y + 5,
10); if (gf.mario.left) b.speed = -2; if (gf.mario.right) b.speed = 2;
gf.boomList.add(b); } //键盘释放监听 @Override public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e) {
int code = e.getKeyCode(); //释放右键 if (code == 39) { gf.mario.right = false;
gf.mario.img = new ImageIcon("image/mari1.png").getImage(); } //释放左键 if (code
== 37) { gf.mario.left = false; gf.mario.img = new
ImageIcon("image/mari_left1.png").getImage(); } //释放上键 if (code == 38) {
gf.mario.up = false; } } }
 

主方法和事件绑定
import cn.tx.ui.GameFrame; import cn.tx.util.KeyListener; /** 超级玛丽启动类。 */
public class Run { //主函数,程序入口 public static void main(String[] args) throws
Exception { GameFrame gf = new GameFrame(); // 创建监听器对象 KeyListener kl = new
KeyListener(gf); // 给窗体添加键盘监听器 gf.addKeyListener(kl); } }
完整源码和讲解QQ加群:685168267

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